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Antimullerian hormone (AMH)

Antimullerian hormone is one of the main indicators of gonadal function in women and men. It is involved in the maturation of ovarian follicles and spermatogenesis. You can check the level of AMH by taking a test at the Dobrobut clinic.

Indications for taking an AMH test

Antimullerian hormone plays an important role in the formation of reproductive plans. In particular, in women, it indicates the supply of eggs for successful conception.

Indications for checking the level of AMH in the body are:

  • infertility of unknown etiology;
  • low functional reserve of the ovaries;
  • suspected cryptorchidism or gynecomastia in men;
  • symptoms of hyperestrogenism in women;
  • the need to diagnose pathology of puberty;
  • testicular anorchia or dysgenesis;
  • assessment of the response to ovarian stimulation during artificial insemination;
  • unsuccessful IVF attempts in the past.

How does AMH change with age?

AMH is a potential indicator of ovarian "aging". The higher the reproductive age of a woman, the lower the level of AMH. After the age of 30, its content gradually decreases and drops to zero at the time of menopause. Therefore, the AMH test allows you to find out at what age a woman can become pregnant.

When is AMH abnormal?

High antimullerian hormone may indicate the presence of the following conditions

  • ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome;
  • hyperandrogenism;
  • tumors of the ovaries or testicles;
  • polycystic ovaries;
  • lack of ovulation.

Low antimullerian hormone may be due to:

  • ovarian depletion;
  • early onset of menopause;
  • gynecological diseases in the anamnesis;
  • pelvic surgeries in the past;
  • obesity.

If a woman wants to get pregnant and her antimullerian hormone is low, it is advisable to start treatment with a consultation with a reproductive specialist. He will conduct a gynecological examination, pelvic ultrasound, and prescribe the necessary tests. If necessary, the specialist will develop an optimal ovulation stimulation regimen to increase the chances of successful conception.

Preparation for the test

It is important to remember that the quality of the results depends on proper compliance with the rules of preparation for laboratory tests.

Stages of preparation for the analysis in the Dobrobut clinic:

  1. At least two days before the test, avoid taking hormonal medications (estrogens, androgens).
  2. The day before the test, avoid intense sports and do not drink alcohol.
  3. Do not smoke cigarettes a few hours before the blood test. 
  4. The blood test is taken on an empty stomach.
  5. Usually, an AMH test in women is performed on the 3rd day of the menstrual cycle.

Contraindications for the test are acute infectious diseases and inflammatory processes.

Interpretation of results

The norm of antimullerian hormone in women of reproductive age is 1-2.5 ng/ml. A value of less than 1 ng/ml indicates a decrease in ovarian reserve. If the AMH test shows 0.6-0.7, the ovarian reserve is minimal. 

The normal range of AMH in men is 2.15-10.1 ng/ml. 

Do you have any questions? You can find out about the price of antimullerian hormone and other nuances regarding this indicator by calling one of the numbers listed on the website. Our experienced operators will provide you with comprehensive information regarding the AMH test or other studies. 

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Antimullerian hormone (AMH)

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Doctors Antimullerian hormone (AMH):
18experience (y.)
Danylenko Liudmyla Ivanivna
25experience (y.)
Heraskevych Larysa Mykolaivna
Obstetrician-gynecologist; Ultrasound doctor
15experience (y.)
Hoshchenko Kateryna Anatoliivna
Obstetrician-gynecologist; Ultrasound doctor
11experience (y.)
Osadcha Alina Volodymyrivna
Obstetrician-gynecologist; Ultrasound doctor
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